The next generation of tall buildings being constructed around the world will require new ways of fire-fighting, an expert has warned.
Speaking at FIREX International 2019, the Chief Executive of Tall Building Fire Safety, Russ Timpson, said the fire safety community has to “get on board” with all the technological changes that are happening around the construction of tall buildings.
Mr Timpson said that around 541 new tall buildings, over 20 floors high are going up in London over the next five years alone.
“We are going to see significantly more tall buildings,” he told delegates. “They will be taller, more complex and vertical villages. They won’t be single use anymore.
“They will have offices, apartments and viewing galleries all in the same building.”
He also quoted the example of the proposed Sky City building in the Chinese city of Changsha, which has been designed to stand 838 metres tall with 202 floors and house 30,000 residents.
“A planet with 10 billion people living on it means we’re going to have to live in much denser environments”
“The architect said you can be born, grow up, meet your partner and get a job all without having to leave the building,” said Mr Timpson.
“If we are going to talk about a planet with 10 billion people living on it, we are going to have to live in much more dense environments.”
But he added that new materials, like timber will be used in the construction of tall buildings in the future, particularly as nations look to reduce their carbon footprints.
“We are going to build tall buildings out of timber,” he insisted. “It’s going to happen. It’s a natural material, but the challenge is we have to do it safely.
“The fire safety community has to get onboard and you will see a tall timber building coming to a city near you very soon, and it will probably have lots of greenery on the outside.”
He also raised the idea of having a fire safety rating system for buildings, similar to the ones already in place for energy and sustainability.
And he warned that construction fire safety in the UK is “very poor”.
“I spend a lot of my professional time going around doing fire safety audits on tall building sites, and it’s very poor here in the UK and we are lagging behind other countries.
“I strongly feel we will have a tall building construction fire here in the UK and construction workers could be killed.
“Only the other day, I was on a building on the 30th floor, and when I asked ‘where is the wet riser?’, they ‘said there is no wet riser on this building, there is only a dry riser, but it finishes on the 20th floor’. How the hell do you expect fire fighters to fight fires on construction sites when they have no access to water?
‘If we have 541 tall buildings being built [in London], then we better have a serious look at construction fire safety.’
He also added that architects need to do away with assembly points outside buildings, because they are dangerous.
“In a world of new dimension risks, I think they are a terrorist target. We all have to move to a philosophy of evacuate and disperse,” he explained.
“When you leave the building, you should signify you are doing that via your smart phone and disperse. We need to move and embrace technology.”
And Mr Timpson also predicted that drones will play a much larger role in fire safety in the future.
“I can see high value tall buildings having a drone built into the building itself. It will be activated by the alarm system, go and find where the fire is. We are probably not far away from that and it could be part of a standard fit for tall buildings going forward.”
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